The Global Core Indicators

Developing harmonized metrics to benchmark progress on the SDGs.

The Global Algorithmic Institute at GlobalAI Co.

Harmonized metrics for the SDGs​


What are the Global Core Indicators (GCIs)?

The Global Core Indicators (GCIs) were created by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), a permanent intergovernmental body of the UN. UNCTAD’s Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting (ISAR), known as UNCTAD-ISAR, focuses on data collection and analysis to facilitate public policy. UNCTAD-ISAR created the Global Core Indicators (GCIs) through a multi-year, multi-stakeholder effort by governments, regulators, standard-setting agencies and investors. The GCIs are an integral part of the minimum and advanced corporate sustainability reporting requirements of the SDG indicator 12.6.1.


Who follows the Global Core Indicators (GCIs)?

The standards of the Global Core Indicators have been endorsed by over 100 countries who are members of UNCTAD-ISAR. These countries thus encourage their constituent companies to report using these metrics. Reporting under these standards will inform global national statistical offices and regulators.

Additionally, the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) fully endorsed the GCIs as a base line approach to facilitate harmonization and comparability on sustainability and SDG reporting.


What is the benefit of the Global Core Indicators (GCIs)?

Reporting under the standards of the GCIs will inform global national statistical offices and regulators. The standards will link firm-level reporting into national statistics and reporting and help inform where capital needs to be redirected to achieve the SDGs.


How are the Global Core Indicators (GCIs) measured?

The GCIs are a common set of standards which fulfill all of the quantitative requirements. They are consistent, comparable, material and universal. The GCIs also facilitate convergence of financial and non-financial reporting. This is something none of the other systems for measuring the SDGs do, making the GCIs suitable for consolidated, integrated reporting and legal entity reporting.
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